Modal Auxiliary Verbs Simplified – 5 of the most common uses Modal auxiliary verbs, also commonly referred to as modal verbs or modals, are used to shift the meaning of the main verb in a clause. These shifts include expressing possibility, ability, permission, obligation, or future intention.
There are two categories of modal auxiliary verbs: pure modal auxiliary verbs and semi-modal auxiliary verbs,There are nine pure modal auxiliary verbs : will, shall, can, could, may, might, must, would, and should, Semi-modal auxiliary verbs like ought to, had better, have (got) to, be able to, used to, and be supposed to can have modal meanings, but they don’t follow the same rules as pure modal auxiliary verbs,Many sources and student textbooks do not differentiate between pure modal auxiliary verbs and semi-modal auxiliary verbs, and others separate them completely.
- 1 What do you know about modal auxiliaries?
- 2 Why is modal auxiliary important?
- 3 Why do you think modals are very important to learn?
- 4 What I have realized about modals?
- 5 How do you introduce modal auxiliaries?
- 6 What I have learned I learned that modal adverbs are?
- 7 What is the importance of studying modals in grammar and how can you apply this in your everyday life especially in terms of communication?
- 8 What is modal auxiliary and its types?
- 9 What are modal auxiliaries and their types?
What do you know about modal auxiliaries?
Definition of MODAL AUXILIARY A small group of, called the modal verbs (or modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries, or simply modals ) are only used in combination with ordinary verbs. A modal verb changes the other verb’s meaning to something different from simple fact.
- Modals may express permission, ability, prediction, possibility, or necessity.
- The principal modal verbs are: can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would,
- The modal verbs are different from ordinary verbs in several ways: 1) they have no at all; that is, they lack an -ing form, an -ed form, and even an -s form for the third-person singular; 2) a modal verb is always followed by the form of a verb (unless that verb has already been stated) but never follows another verb; 3) modal verbs do not follow to and are not followed by to,
( Ought to, like the near-modal verb have to, is a special case.) In their simple form, modal verbs normally refer to present or future time:
I must be nearly there by now.I might arrive a bit later than I’d anticipated.A trip like this can take hours more than one expects.
: Definition of MODAL AUXILIARY
Why is modal auxiliary important?
What is a modal verb? – A modal verb, also known as a modal auxiliary verb, is a type of word that is used to modify the modality of a main verb. Modal verbs are a kind of auxiliary verb, they are important because they can affect the meaning of a sentence.
Auxiliary verbs can help form the mood, tense and voice of other verbs, commonly using ‘be’, ‘have’ and ‘do’. Whereas modal auxiliary verbs more specifically affect the ‘mode’ of a sentence. These types of verbs can’t work alone, they need to be used with another verb in the sentence to have an effect on it.
This is what makes them special! By now, you are probably wondering, ‘what is a modal verb going to do?’ Well, here is an example of how a modal verb can change a sentence: ‘I have clean hands.’ ‘I must have clean hands.’ By adding the modal auxiliary verb ‘must’ to the sentence, it changes from being a statement of fact that the speaker has clean hands to indicate that they need to have clean hands.
- obligation (‘You should do your homework’),
- possibility (‘I might have pizza for tea’),
- ability (‘You can ride a bike now’) or
- prohibition (‘You may go out now’).
Why do you think modals are very important to learn?
Managing modals | Writing and Communication Centre Printable version of, Modal verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that give additional information about the function of the main verb that follows. They express attitudes such as ability, possibility, permission, and suggestion,
- Suggestion: Students should start working on essays early.
- Necessity: They must buy their tickets today.
- Possibility: She may be sick.
What I have realized about modals?
Understand English Modals – Modals are auxiliary verbs, also known as “helping” verbs. These auxiliary verbs help change the meaning of main verbs to express a variety of things, such as: ability, possibility, obligation, necessity, etc. Modals are often commonly used in condition statements, when asking for permission, and to make things more polite.
- future possibility
In the lesson, we reviewed this infographic with information and sentence examples. The live video training also gave some other examples provided by the learners in the chat, but can you create some of your own?
How do you introduce modal auxiliaries?
Follow These Steps To Teach Modal Verbs –
1 Introduce all modals Start by introducing all the modal verbs you wish to talk about. This may include can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should, and ought to but, depending on the level of your class, you can narrow it down to those you feel are most important. Obviously there are no images that can help students understand the meanings of these words so you can do pronunciation practice simply by pointing to the words on the board. In your introduction you can cover some rules that apply to all modal verbs. Unlike most verbs, no -s is needed to form the third person singular. For example ” He should ~,” is correct, while ” He work. ” is incorrect. Adding not forms the negative structure. Additionally they always require another verb because they cannot act as the main verb in a sentence and they only have present tense forms so unlike the word swim, there is no past tense form for modals. This may seem like a long and confusing introduction but it is best after the pronunciation practice to simply write the modals and their rules off to the side of the board for reference. 2 Ability/Inability and Possibility/Impossibility Modal verbs are often used to talk about abilities and possibilities or lack of them, Some of the words you want to focus on in this section are can, could, may, and might, Talk to your students about things they can do and practice using can in the target structure because this will be the easiest word to start off with (see our CAN worksheets ). Next you should talk about might because it is also commonly used when talking about present possibilities such as ” We can’t play music in class because the other classes might be taking tests. ” which nicely combines the two words in one sentence. Building upon that, talk about how could and may are used to discuss future abilities and possibilities and also how could can be used to talk about the past in a sentence such as ” When I was a child, I could climb trees. ” So as you can see just this one section on modals can take a while. It is best to introduce structures gradually and to plan lots of practice activities for each. 3 Other Uses You can center another lesson on asking for permission or making an offer or request, Can, could, may, shall, will, and would can all be used so you might want to break this up into pairs by introducing can and could, will and would, and finally may and shall, In other lessons you can cover using modals to make suggestions and give advice, to talk about obligations and prohibitions, and lastly cover using ought to and should to say what the correct action would be for instance ” She ought to see a doctor. ” or ” We should be quiet while the teacher is talking. ” For some classes it is not necessary to cover all the different uses of modal verbs so feel free to choose what is most important and then cover those items thoroughly before moving on to the next topic. 4 Combination If you cover many different uses of modal verbs in your class, be sure to have a lesson which combines them again. It makes sense to start with all the words you plan to cover in the first class and finish the same way. Since students have been focusing on just one use at a time, this lesson will bring to their attention the range of uses these words have and really challenge them. Fill in the blank and multiple choice worksheets may be appropriate and of course you can conduct role plays based on the different uses of modal verbs too.
What is the purpose of using modal verbs?
What are modal verbs? – Modal verbs are used to express certain hypothetical conditions, such as advice, capability, or requests (there’s a full list in the next section). They’re used alongside a main verb to change its meaning slightly. Because they’re auxiliary verbs, they can’t necessarily be used on their own.
A modal verb should only appear alone if it’s clear from context what the main verb is.) Consider the difference between these two examples: I swim every Tuesday. I can swim every Tuesday. The first example is a simple factual statement. The speaker participates in a swimming activity every week on Tuesdays.
The second example uses the modal verb can, Notice how the meaning changes slightly. The speaker does not swim every Tuesday; they’re saying they are capable of swimming every Tuesday if they need to. It’s hypothetical. Modal verbs are quite common in English, and you’ve probably seen them hundreds of times without actually knowing their name.
can may might could should would will must
There are more modal verbs, although the ones above are the most common. Some modal verbs are outdated and rarely used—like shall and ought to —while others are more colloquial—such as got to, need to, or have to, Some express very specific conditions that don’t come up often, like dare, for example, “I dare say.” The phrase used to, as in “I used to be an English student, too,” also behaves like a modal verb.
What I have learned I learned that modal adverbs are?
What are modal adverbs? – Modal adverbs are words which describe the modality of the verb in a sentence. Rather than just being descriptive, they also tell the reader or listener more about the possibility, obligation, and emphasis of an action. For example, the word ‘possibly’ lets us know that an action may or may not take place, making it a low modality word.
- The word ‘definitely’ is much more firm and convincing, so it has a high modality.
- Modal adverbs can serve the same purpose and modal verbs in a sentence, and deciding which one to use depends on the tone, situation and structure of the sentence that you’re writing.
- To learn more about this topic, watch the following video from Twinkl’s YouTube channel: The above video may be from a third-party source.
We accept no responsibility for any videos from third-party sources. Please let us know if the video is no longer working.
Are modals hard to learn or to understand?
Modals (can, will, should, etc.), also known as modal auxiliaries, are difficult to learn because they seem to function like a verb but don’t follow the same rules.
What is the importance of studying modals in grammar and how can you apply this in your everyday life especially in terms of communication?
Brainly User Brainly User Modal verbs help when speaking about ability, making requests and offers, asking permission, and more. The modal verbs in English differ from other verbs, because they are not used separately, and do not indicate a specific action or state, they just reflect its modality, the attitude of the speaker to the action. Hope it help Mark as btainliest
What is modal auxiliary and its types?
There are nine modal auxiliary verbs: shall, should, can, could, will, would, may, must, might, There are also quasi-modal auxiliary verbs: ought to, need to, has to, Why only quasi? Because the nine modals sit before the base form: I shall go, I could go, etc., but with ought/need/has we have to insert a to : I ought to go, it needs to be done, it has to be April (said at the onset of a shower, prompting inference).
The modal auxiliaries’ job is to express possibility (hypothesis, futurity, doubt) and necessity (by inference, such-and-such must necessarily be the case); that is, matters beyond the factual here and now. This is known as the irrealis, As we spend much time thinking and talking about the irrealis, modal auxiliaries are very common.
A further distinction is to be made between epistemic and deontic modals, which distinguish between possibility one the one hand and obligation on the other. Consider the following: “the importance of time and patience cannot be underestimated”. Cannot is used in its deontic (obligation) sense, meaning that we must not underestimate the importance of time and patience.
But consider “the importance of time and patience cannot be overestimated”. Here, cannot is used in its epistemic (possibility) sense, meaning that it is not possible to overestimate the importance of time and patience, that importance being so great. In the following extract, Nenna and Maurice are talking about a criminal, Harry, who stores his stolen goods on Maurice’s boat, which is also called Maurice,
Pay attention to the modal and quasi-modal auxiliaries. First read the text, then click below to see modal and quasi-modal verbs revealed: In the text below, the modal verbs are marked in red, and the quasi-modals in blue, During the small hours, tipsy Maurice became an oracle, ambiguous, wayward, but impressive.
- Even his voice changed a little.
- He told the sombre truths of the lighthearted, betraying in a casual hour what was never intended to be shown.
- If the tide was low the two of them watched the gleams on the foreshore, at half tide they heard the water chuckling, waiting to lift the boats, at flood tide they saw the river as a powerful god, bearded with the white foam of detergents, calling home the twenty-seven lost rivers of London, sighing as the night declined.
‘Maurice, ought I to go away?’ ‘You can ‘t.’ ‘You said you were going to go away yourself.’ ‘No-one believed it. You didn’t. What do the others think?’ ‘They think your boat belongs to Harry.’ ‘Nothing belongs to Harry, certainly all that stuff in the hold doesn’t.
- He finds it easier to live without property.
- As to Maurice, my godmother gave me the money to buy a bit of property when I left Southport.’ ‘I’ve never been to Southport.’ ‘It’s very nice.
- You take the train from the middle of Liverpool, and it’s the last station, right out by the seaside.’ ‘Have you been back since?’ ‘No.’ ‘If Maurice belongs to you, why do you have to put up with Harry?’ ‘I can ‘t answer that.’ ‘What will you do if the police come?’ ‘What will you do if your husband doesn’t?’ Nenna thought, I must take the opportunity to get things settled for me, even if it’s only by chance, like throwing straws into the current.
She repeated – ‘Maurice, what shall I do?’ ‘Well, have you been to see him yet?’ ‘Not yet. But of course I ought to, As soon as I can find someone to stay with the girls, for a night or two if it’s necessary, I’m going to go. Thank you for making my mind up.’ ‘No, don’t do that.’ ‘Don’t do what?’ ‘Don’t thank me.’ ‘Why not?’ ‘Not for that.’ ‘But, you know, by myself I can ‘t make my mind up.’ ‘You should n’t do it at all.’ ‘Why not, Maurice?’ ‘Why should you think it’s a good thing to do? Why should it make you any happier? There isn’t one kind of happiness, there’s all kinds.
Decision is torment for anyone with imagination. When you decide, you multiply the things you might have done and now never can, If there’s even one person who might be hurt by a decision, you should never make it. They tell you, make up your mind or it will be too late, but if it’s really too late, we should be grateful.
You know very well that we’re two of the same kind, Nenna. It’s right for us to live where we do, between land and water. You, my dear, you’re half in love with your husband, then there’s Martha who’s half a child and half a girl, Richard who can ‘t give up being half in the Navy, Willis who’s half an artist and half a longshoreman, a cat who’s half alive and half dead.
What are modal auxiliaries and their types?
Key Takeaways –
- The basic formula for using a modal auxiliary is
subject + modal auxiliary + main verb
- There are ten main modal auxiliaries in English: can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, and ought to,
- The four common types of errors when using modals include the following: using an infinitive instead of a base verb after a modal, using a gerund instead of an infinitive or a base verb after a modal, using two modals in a row, and leaving out a modal.
- In the present perfect tense, when a sentence has a modal auxiliary before the verb, the helping verb is always have,
- The two common errors when using modals in the present perfect tense include using had instead of have and leaving out have,
What are modal auxiliaries give an example of each of them?
Kinds of Auxiliaries Verbs – The Auxiliaries are two kinds:
- Primary Auxiliaries
- Modal Auxiliaries
- 1. Primary Auxiliaries
- Primary Auxiliaries are used as main verbs to denote time (present, past and future).
- Example: I am watching cricket on TV.
- His grandfather was watering the plants on the balcony.
They are also used as main verbs or linking verbs in sentences. They change their forms according to the numbers of the persons in the subject of a sentence. Example: Aanya is a good dancer. It was a nice day. Kuldeep does his homework regularly. She did the work yesterday.
- The people are religious.
- The monks were vegetarians.
- I have two sisters.
- I had a headache yesterday.
- In the above sentences, the verbs like is, does, are, have are used as linking verbs.
- They perform the role of main verbs, although they are auxiliaries in origin.
- The primary auxiliaries are: be, do and have.
The word ‘be’ can be written as: am, is, are, was, were. After ‘be’ auxiliaries two forms of a verb are possible. They are Present Participle – being and Past Participle – been Is/ are/ am/ was/ were + Present Participle (V + ing)
- Example: I am learning French these days.
- She is jumping on the floor.
- In the above examples, ing is added to the verb like learn+ing, jump+ing.
- Is/ are/ am/ was/ were + Past Participle
- Example: The novel ‘Merchant of Venice’ is written by William Shakespeare.
- The letters were written by him.
- The child was looked after by her.
- They are treated well by us.
- In the above examples, the past participle form of a verb is used after ‘be’ words in passive voice.
- The word ‘do’ can be written as: do, does, did.
- ‘Do’ is used in an emphatic case in a positive sentence.
- It also forms the interrogative of the Simple Present (one-word verb) and of the Simple Past (one-word verb).
- ‘Do’ is used in order to make a request.
- ‘Do, does and did’ are used in simple present or simple past tenses in negative sentences.
- Example: I do visit the library every Sunday. (‘do’ is used in emphatic case)
- I don’t like sweets. (used in negative sentences)
- Do you have a pen? (used as an interrogative word)
- Please come for the Diwali Part. (used as an request)
The word ‘have’ can be written as: have, has, and had.The perfect form all the tenses and times (Present, Past, Future) are built with the help of have, has, had as per the following structure.
- Have/ has/ had/ + Past Participle of the Main Verb Is Used in a Sentence.
- Example: I have talked to the Principal twice over the issue.
- He has given us permission to organize a conference.
- She had given these sweets to me before.
Note: is, are, am, was, were, has, have, had, etc. can be used with ‘to infinitive’.The Structure is as follows: is/ are/ am/ was/ were/ has/ have/ had + to + Main verb
- Example: Mother is to see the doctor tomorrow.
- I have to meet him today.
- He has to complete his task before Sunday.
- We are to move to our new house next month.
- Were is used for supposition or unfulfilled desire.
- The Structure is as Follows: were + subject + complement/ predicate
- Example: Were I a bird!
- Were I the President!
- Were she beautiful!
2. Modal Auxiliaries Modal Auxiliaries play a very meaningful role in a grammatically correct sentence. Modal Auxiliaries denote certain feelings, moods and possibilities. Modal Auxiliaries denote certain feelings, moods and possibilities.
- Unlike be, have and do, the modal auxiliaries cannot function as main verbs except in a few cases.
- The modal auxiliary words are: may, can might, could, will, would, shall, should, must, used to, need, dare, ought to, used to, etc.
- You can use my phone. (the italicized and underlined modal verb denotes possibility)
- It may rain today. (the italicized and underlined modal verb denotes possibility)
- You shall complete the task tomorrow.(the modal word denotes command or order)
- My grandfather used to have a scooter. (the modal word denotes past habit)
- I would visit him twice a week when he was in the hospital. (the modal word denotes frequency of past events)
- I must go home now. (the italicized modal verb denotes necessity)
- We must obey the law of the land. (the italicized modal verb denotes command or